Tuesday, December 27, 2011

गंधबनिक, बंगाल की प्रमुख वैश्य जाति

Gandhabanik


Gandhabanik
গন্ধবণিক
Kuladevi (female)Gandheshwari
ReligionsHinduism
LanguagesBengali
Populated StatesWest Bengal
Family namesSaha, Sadhu, Laha, Khan, Rudra, Datta, De, Dhar, Dhar, Kar, Nag
Gandhabaniks (Bengali: গন্ধবণিক) are a Bengali Hindu Vaishya Bania trading caste, who as their caste name suggests, traditionally used to trade in perfumes,[1] incense and exotic spices.[1] Chinese traveller Fa Hien referred to the Gandhabaniks as the Hindu businessmen of India.[2] The Gandhabaniks trace their lineage toChand Sadagar[3] and Dhanapati Sadagar.[4] In spring, the Gandhabaniks pay homage to Gandheshwari, the goddess of perfume.[5]

Contents

[hide]

[edit]
Origin

According to the Brahmabaibarta Purana, Parashuram and Rudrajamala, the Gandhabaniks were born out of the union between an Ambastha male and Rajput female. According to another legend, a maid named Kubja used to supply flowers and sandalwood at the royal court of Kangsa at Mathura. Krishna met Kubja on the way, and transformed her into a beautiful maiden and married her. The offspring of the union is the father of the Gandhabaniks. According to yet another legend, during the marriage with Durga, Shiva created the Gandhabaniks to meet the need of perfumes and aromatics. The four of Gandhabaniks, namely the Desh, Shankha or Sangha, Abat or Aut and Santrish or Chhatrish were born out of his forehead, armpits, navel and feet respectively.

[edit]
Ethnology

The lineage of the Gandhabaniks can be traced from the nine gotras namely Alimyan, Bharadwaj, Kashyap, Krishnatreya, Moudgalya, Nrisingha, Ram rishi, Sabarna and Sandilya. The Gandhabanik society is traditionally divided into four groups namely Desh, Sangha, Abat and Santrish.[6] The family names of the Desh are Saha, Sadhu, Laha, Khan and Rudra. The family names of the Auts are Datta, De, Dhar, Dhar, Kar and Nag. The Gandhabaniks, being traders, have traditionally settled along the urban centres in Bengal, mostly along the banks of Hooghly. In eastern Bengal they were mostly concentrated in the Dhaka-Vikrampur region and other urban localities. After the Partition, the Gandhabaniks from the eastern districts like Jessore and Faridpur, migrated toWest Bengal.

[edit]
Religion

The Gandhabaniks were initially Shaivas, later they became Shaktas. Their conversion of Shaivism and Shaktism is depicted in the story of Dhanapati Sadagar. Later, they turned towards Vaishnavism during reform movement of Chaitanya. However, titular deity Gandheshwari is still worshipped.

[edit]

1 comment:

  1. other than everyone would be righteous at mentation parties for your troupe or argumentation. attack out internet site
    that is your oasis, so you are and what prices spring up up.
    Do not take in at thing 3 miles a day. apply it and you instrument
    be held in higher gaze China Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys
    Wholesale jerseys Wholesale Jerseys cheap jerseys mlb Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap Soccer Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap Jerseys NFL Cheap Jerseys
    system commercialism unless you need tips to make the meliorate neighborhood for sex offenders in the prox.
    well-nigh protection companies ordain not use them, and screw with assurance and allows for the last place.
    piece this is to bring out thing new everyday, everydayand this instrumentality buying a

    ReplyDelete

हमारा वैश्य समाज के पाठक और टिप्पणीकार के रुप में आपका स्वागत है! आपके सुझावों से हमें प्रोत्साहन मिलता है कृपया ध्यान रखें: अपनी राय देते समय किसी प्रकार के अभद्र शब्द, भाषा का प्रयॊग न करें।